The cinema of Bangladesh, better known as Dhallywood (Bengali: ঢালিউড), is the Bengali-language film industry based in Dhaka, Bangladesh. It has often been a significant film industry since the early 1970s. The dominant style of Bangladeshi cinema is melodramatic cinema, which developed from 1947 to 1990 and characterizes most films to this day. Cinema was introduced in Bangladesh in 1898 by the Bradford Bioscope Company, credited to have arranged the first film release in Bangladesh. Between 1913 and 1914, the first production company, Picture House, was opened. A 1928 short silent film titled Sukumari (The Good Girl) was the first Bengali-produced film in the region. The first full-length film, The Last Kiss, was released in 1931. Following the separation of Bangladesh from Pakistan, Dhaka became the center of the Bangladeshi film industry, and has generated the majority share of revenue, production and audiences for Dhallywood films. The Face and the Mask, the first Bengali-language full-length feature film of Bangladesh was produced in 1956. During the 1970s, many Dhallywood films were inspired by Indian films, with some of the films being unofficial remakes of those films. The industry continued to grow, and many successful Bangladeshi films were produced throughout the 1970s, 1980s and the first half of the 1990s. Directors such as Fateh Lohani, Golam Rabbany Biplob, Zahir Raihan, Alamgir Kabir, Khan Ataur Rahman, Subhash Dutta, Ritwik Ghatak, Ehtesham, Chashi Nazrul Islam, Delwar Jahan Jhantu, Sohanur Rahman Sohan, Zahirul Haque, Mohammad Hannan, Badol Khondokar, Matin Rahman, Zakir Hossain Raju, Uttam Akash, Kazi Hayat, Malek Afsary, Montazur Rahman Akbar, F I Manik, Shahin Sumon, Tamim Hassan Chowdhury, Sheikh Niamat Ali, Mushfiqur Rahman Gulzar, Gazi Mazharul Anwar, Salauddin Lavlu, Chandan Chowdhury, Swapan Ahmed, Tonmoy Tansen, Badiul Alam Khokon, Mustafizur Rahman Manik, Tauquir Ahmed, Tanvir Mokammel, Tareque Masud, Morshedul Islam, Humayun Ahmed, Nurul Alam Atique, Zahidur Rahim Anjan, Ashique Mostafa, Khijir Hayat Khan, Kamar Ahmad Simon, Rubaiyat Hossain, Bijon Imtiaz, Fakhrul Arefeen Khan, Iftakar Chowdhury, Saikat Nasir, Anonno Mamun, Ashiqur Rahman, Wazed Ali Sumon, Saif Chandan, Amitabh Reza Chowdhury, Giasuddin Selim, Mostofa Sarwar Farooki, Animesh Aich, Mohammad Mostafa Kamal Raz, Taneem Rahman Angshu, Dipankar Dipon, Raihan Rafi, Golam Sohrab Dodul, Chayanika Chowdhury, Noyeem Imtiaz Neyamul, Hashibur Reza Kallol and others have made significant contributions to Bangladeshi mainstream cinema, parallel cinema, and art films. Some have also won global acclaim.
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